Clathrate hydrate cold storage for solar air conditioning
Solar cooling is an effective means of reducing electricity
peak demand caused by building air conditioning,
by directly harvesting solar energy for cooling.
However, the yield of solar cooling systems is constraint
to a certain extent by the intermittent nature of solar radiation.
This disadvantage could be mitigated by introducing cold storage
into the solar cooling system so that solar energy could be stored
when supply exceeds demand, and utilized under opposite conditions.
Clathrate hydrates could be an ideal candidate for the storage,
with its large melting enthalpy and high phase change temperature
in some species. The project aims at investigating phase equilibrium
behaviour and thermal properties of clathrate for the use of cold storage,
as well as the impact of cold storage on thermodynamic efficiency
and output of the solar cooling system.